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  Disaster Policy and Its Practice in the United States

Author Автор: VnRuEn | Date Дата: 14 сентября 2018| Views Просмотров: 0

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Disaster Policy and Its Practice in the United States

Disaster Policy and Its Practice in the United States: A Brief History and Analysis
Momentum Press | English | 2017 | ISBN-10: 1606506994 | 110 pages | PDF | 3.64 MB
by Andrea M. Jackman (Author)


Emergency Management, as an industry and practice, is a relatively new field in the United States and abroad. As the threat of attack gradually declined in the second half of the 20th century, our modern system of emergency management began to take shape in the 1970s. With the passage of the Disaster Relief Act in 1974, the federal government introduced the first standardized process for granting financial assistance after a disaster. Around the same time, the National Governors Association released a report on the practice of emergency management, noting that there were four main phases: Mitigation, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery. As the Post-War United States turned its attention to building increasingly complicated societal systems dependent on technology, vulnerability to disasters of every kind also increased. New policies and practices were required to manage the impacts of disaster on modern society. Following the terrorist attach on September 11, 2001 and Hurricane Katrina in 2006, the US government has placed more requirements on local, state and federal agencies to be better prepared and better coordinated. Emergency management policy reflects the reactionary approach typical of the industry. A disaster occurs; a system or process fails leading lawmakers to ask what might be done different next time; a lesson is learned; policy is written. But does it work? Were any mandates more successful than others? To what extent are these laws followed or enforced? Practitioners Guide to US Disaster Policy will explore each explores each major piece of legislation and their implications. Unlike many other major industries, emergency management lacks an authoritative and unified voice for how federal lawmakers will impact the industry. As society grows more complex, populous, and dependent on technology, these are questions, which must be explored and revisited on a regular basis. Recommendations for short- and long-term policy needs are made, as well as new approaches for managing disasters in the United States
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